Commemorating war and peace – the centenary of the First World War

Panel 5

Federal Foreign Office

This panel will look at the numerous and diverse ways that different cultures commemorate the First World War and its end, bearing in mind the emotional reactions provoked by memories of the First World War, as well as the constant temptation to instrumentalize history. Centenary events to commemorate the First World War and the armistice appear to vary greatly from nation to nation. Diversity, or even conflicting ideas, seem to be the order of the day. In view of these diverging narratives, how can similarities between, and shared aspects of, cultures of remembrance be created and strengthened in a way that does not cast aside national experience, in order to enable shared learning?

Speakers Panel 5

Commemorating war and peace - the centenary of the First World War
Chair: Natalie Nougayrède

The Guardian

Natalie Nougayrède is a columnist for The Guardian, lead writer and foreign affairs commentator, and a former editor-in-chief of Le Monde. She is a specialist for international questions relating to Eastern Europe and the Post-Soviet space. Ms. Nougayrède started her career with the French newspaper Libération and the BBC in what was then Czechoslovakia, going on to work for Radio France Internationale in the Caucasus. For Le Monde, she worked in Ukraine and Russia, where she became the head correspondent in Moscow. She became a prominent voice in the
French media through her coverage of Russian politics—in particular, the civil war in the Russian republic of Chechnya.
Nougayrède received two major French journalism prizes, the Prix de la Presse Diplomatique (2004) and the Albert Londres award (2005), both of them
for her coverage of the Chechen conflict and the Beslan school attack.

Prof. Joan Beaumont

Australian National University

Joan Beaumont is a professor emerita in the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University. She is internationally recognized for her work on Australia in the two world wars, Australian defence and foreign policy, the history of prisoners of war and the memory and heritage of war. Her most recent monograph, Broken Nation: Australians and the Great War (2013) was critically acclaimed and awarded various prizes. She is currently continuing her work on the history of the legacy of the First World War as a primary investigator in the project “Second shock: Australia's Great Depression and the legacy of World War I”. Prof. Beaumont is a member of several editorial and advisory boards, as well as a fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences of Australia. She is a regular commentator on television about the history of Australia at war.
(Picture Copyright: Joan Beaumont)

Dr. Elise Julien

Université de Lille

Elise Julien teaches Modern History at Sciences Po Lille and works for the research centre IRHiS (CNRS/ Université de Lille). She specializes in the History of World War I, its consequences, memory and historiography. Her dissertation, «Paris, Berlin : la mémoire de la guerre, 1914-1933», was published in 2010. A monograph written in cooperation with Mareike König (DHI Paris) on Franco-German relations from 1870 to 1918 was published in the series Deutsch-Französische Geschichte in June 2018. Dr. Julien is a member of several editorial boards as well as the advisory board of the French Mission du Centenaire 14-18, for the French and German Historial at Hartmannswillerkopf and in the Belgian-French project for recognition of places of remembrance along the Western Front as UNESCO world heritage sites. Dr. Julien is part of the editorial board of the online encyclopedia 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War. She is currently working on a project on the ends of wars, “Kriegsenden, Nachkriegsordnungen, Folgekonflikte im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert“ at the Militärgeschichtliches Forschungsamt in Potsdam.
(Picture Copyright: Elise Julien)

Markus Meckel

Former member of the Bundestag

Markus Meckel is a former Member of Parliament (SPD) and former foreign minister of the German Democratic Republic (April-August 1990). He is a Senior Associate Fellow for the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Auswärtige Politik (DGAP) and a member of numerous foundations and societies. Mr. Meckel studied theology and worked as a pastor and in ecumenical associations. His political career started in the 1970s, when he was active in the opposition in the GDR. He initiated the founding of the Social Democratic Party in the GDR. Mr. Meckel was president of the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge e.V from 2013 to 2016. Recurring topics in his work and life are the reappraisal of the SED dictatorship, experiences in and of the end of the former Soviet Union, peace building and the culture of remembrance.
(Picture Copyright: Office of the President of Estonia / CC BY-SA 3.0)

Dr. Arndt Weinrich

University Paris Sorbonne (Paris-IV)

Arndt Weinrich currently works as a DAAD-lecturer at the University Paris Sorbonne (Paris-IV). From 2011 to 2017 he led the research group First World War at the German Historical Institute in Paris. He worked on the projects Militär, Medien und Öffentlichkeit. Militärskandale und –affären in Frankreich und Russland 1870–1914, as well as La Première Guerre mondiale, guerre du XIXe, guerre du XXe siècle, co-organized with Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau for the GHI and EHESS. As a renowned specialist for the history of the First World War, Dr. Weinrich has published five books on the subject. The latest, La longue mémoire de la Grande Guerre. France, Allemagne 1918-2014, published in 2017, is an inquiry into different cultures and politics of remembrance of World War I in France and Germany respectively. From 2005 to 2008 he received a doctoral scholarship from the Gerda Henkel Foundation and in 2007 he was a laureate of the Centre de Recherche de l'Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne.
(Picture Copyright: Arndt Weinrich)